John Joseph "Jack" Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is a highly
successful, iconic American method actor known for his often dark, comedic
portrayals of neurotic characters.
Jack Nicholson has been nominated for an Academy Award twelve times (winning 3 of them), more than any other male actor, and second only to Meryl Streep (who has 13 nominations and 2 wins) in total nominations.
He has also won seven Golden Globe Awards and he received a Kennedy Center Honors in 2001.
Jack Nicholson was born at Bellevue Hospital Center in New York City to June Frances Nicholson (alias June Nilson), a showgirl of English and Irish descent who had previously married an Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo (stage name Donald Rose) six months earlier in Elkton, Maryland, on October 16, 1936. Elkton was a town known for its "quickie" marriages. However, Furcillo was already married, and, although he offered to take care of the child, June's mother Ethel insisted that she bring up the baby, partly so that June could pursue her dancing career.
Jack Nicholson was therefore brought up believing his grandparents John (a
department store window dresser in Asbury Park, New Jersey) and Ethel May
Nicholson, a hairdresser and beautician and amateur artist in Neptune, New
Jersey were his parents. He attended high school at nearby Manasquan High
School, where a drama award was ultimately named in his honor. Nicholson only
discovered that his parents were actually his grandparents and his sister was in
fact his mother in 1974 after being informed by a Time Magazine journalist who
was doing a feature on him, while he was filming The Fortune with Stockard
Channing. By this time both his mother and grandmother had died (in 1963 and
1970, respectively). Nicholson has stated he doesn't know who his father is,
saying "Only Ethel and June knew and they never told anybody". Although Donald
Furcillo claimed to be Nicholson's father and to have committed bigamy by
marrying June, biographer Patrick McGilligan, who wrote Jack's Life (published
in December 1995) asserted that Eddie King, June's manager, may be the father
and other sources have suggested that June Nicholson was unsure of who
the father was. Jack Nicholson has chosen not to have a DNA test or to pursue
the matter. Although Nicholson is personally anti-abortion, he is pro-choice:
"I'm very contra my constituency in terms of abortion because I'm positively
against it. I don't have the right to any other view. My only emotion is
gratitude, literally, for my life."
In his adult personal life, Nicholson has been notorious for his inability to "settle down". He has four children by three different mothers despite only being married once (Jennifer Nicholson with his now ex-wife Sandra Knight, Caleb Goddard with Susan Anspach, his Five Easy Pieces co-star, and Lorraine and Raymond Nicholson with Rebecca Broussard). He has been romantically linked to numerous actresses and models for decades. Nicholson's longest relationship was for 17 years to actress Anjelica Huston, the daughter of the legendary director John Huston, but that relationship ended when the news broke that Nicholson had sired a child by Rebecca Broussard.
Jack Nicholson has stated that he is not an atheist, but he "has claimed that he is not at all religious and that the only times he prays is during jogging".
Jack Nicholson as The Joker in Batman (1989).Nicholson started his career as an actor, writer, and producer, working for and with Roger Corman. This included his screen debut in The Cry Baby Killer (1958), where he played a juvenile delinquent who panics after shooting two other teenagers, and The Little Shop of Horrors, in which he had a small role as a masochistic dental patient.
His work on the LSD-fueled screenplay for The Trip, which starred Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper, led to his first big break in Easy Rider (1969). In Easy Rider, Nicholson played hard-drinking lawyer George Hanson for which he received his first Oscar nomination.
A Best Actor nomination came the following year for his persona-defining role in Five Easy Pieces (1970), which includes his famous chicken salad dialogue about getting what you want.
Other early movies he is known for include Hal Ashby's The Last Detail (1973), Roman Polanski's Chinatown (1974), Milos Forman's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), for which he received his first Oscar, and Stanley Kubrick's The Shining.
Jack Nicholson won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Terms of Endearment (1983).
The 1989 Batman, where Nicholson played the chillingly evil, almost nihilistic supervillain The Joker, was an international smash hit, and a lucrative percentage deal earned Nicholson about $50 million.
Jack Nicholson later advised close friend Danny DeVito to take the part of the Penguin in the sequel Batman Returns as a potential investment.
For his role as hotheaded Col. Nathan R. Jessep in A Few Good Men (1992), a dark movie about a murder in a US Marine Corps unit, he received yet another nomination by the Academy.
This film contains Nicholson's "You can't handle the truth!" scene, which has since become widely known and imitated.
Jack Nicholson would go on to win his next Oscar for his role as the neurotic lead in the romance As Good as It Gets (1997).
In About Schmidt (2002), Nicholson portrayed a retired Omaha, Nebraska insurance man who questions his own life and the death of his wife shortly afterward.
The deeply emotional, slow film stands in sharp contrast to many of his previous roles. In the comedy Anger Management, he plays an aggressive therapist assigned to help overly pacifist Adam Sandler.
Jack Nicholson's most recent film is the 2003 Something's Gotta Give as an aging playboy who falls for the mother (Diane Keaton) of his young girlfriend.
Not all of Nicholson's performances have been well-received. He was nominated for Razzie Awards as worst actor for Man Trouble (1992) and Hoffa (1992). His portrayal of the American President in Mars Attacks (1996) was widely criticised for being over-the-top and unfunny.
Jack Nicholson will return to villainous form as a tough Boston Irish Mob boss presiding over Matt Damon and Leonardo DiCaprio in Martin Scorsese's The Departed (2006).
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